Yellow oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) a locally rare tree species occurs here.
This upland forest is located on a highly-dissected, steep east-facing slope. Its is probably the remains of a hanging delta. Numerous streams have cut steep-sided valleys into the soft, sandy material of the main slope. One stream has cut all the way to bedrock, to form a small gorge and waterfall. The site is so topographically complex that it gives the impression of being larger than it is.
The upland forest ecological community types include hemlock-northern hardwood forest on steep, north-facing slopes and in ravines, and Appalachian oak-hickory forest on the upper slopes and ridges. At the base of the slope is a marsh and shrub swamp. The upland forests are extremely heterogeneous and species-rich. Perhaps this because of the topographic complexity, but the high inherent soil fertility of the site may also be a factor. Oddly, the herb layer of the site is generally very sparse.